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International Conference on Obesity and Diet Imbalance, will be organized around the theme “Educate & Strengthen Prevention of Obesity by Proper Nutrition and Physical Activities”
Obesity Diet 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Obesity Diet 2019
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It is a disorder that involves excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems. Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities. When a person's body mass index is greater than 25, they are said to be obese. The extra fat increases the risk of various health problems. The condition is caused when the body is consuming more calories than it utilizes. Imbalanced diet, lack of physical activities, unhealthy lifestyle, environmental and behavioral factors is some of the few of the causes for obesity.
- Track 1-1Food addiction
- Track 1-2Insulin resistance
- Track 1-3Sedentary life
- Track 1-4Gut bacteria
- Track 1-5PCOS in women
Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contributes to body fat distribution and ultimately weight gain and; although, only in a few cases are genes the primary cause of obesity. Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies have led to the discovery of nine loci concerned in Mendelian forms of obesity and 58 loci contributes to polygenic obesity. These loci justify a small fraction of the heritability for obesity and many genes remain to be discovered.
- Track 2-1Prader–Willi syndrome
- Track 2-2Bardet–Biedl syndrome
- Track 2-3Cohen syndrome
- Track 2-4MOMO syndrome
- Track 2-5Alstrom syndrome
- Track 2-6Carpenter syndrome
- Track 2-7Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome
Poor diet is one of the major contributors to the leading causes of chronic illness and death. Healthy diets along with physical activity are key to good nutrition and necessary for a long and healthy life. Eating nutritional foods and balancing energy intake with the necessary physical activity to maintain a healthy weight is essential at all stages of life. Unbalanced intake of foods high in energy (sugar, starch and/or fat) but low in essential nutrients commits to energy excess, overweight and obesity. The quantity of the energy consumed in relevancy to physical activity and also the quality of food are key determinants of nutrition connected to chronic disease.
- Track 3-1Heart disease
- Track 3-2Diabetes
- Track 3-3Hyperlipidemia
- Track 3-4Stroke
- Track 3-5Cancer
- Track 3-6Osteoporosis and bone fractures
- Track 3-7Dental disease
The body requires many different vitamins and minerals that are essential for both body development and prevention of a disease. These vitamins and minerals are known as micronutrients. A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t absorb or get necessary amount of a nutrient from the food. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems like digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.
On the other Hand, metabolism is the rate at which our body utilizes our nutrition. While there are many factors that influence our metabolism (hormone levels, enzyme secretion, chronic disease conditions, medications, stress, activity level and sleep patterns). The rate of metabolism directly effects caloric needs and results in weight loss or weight gain.
- Track 4-1Fat burning foods
- Track 4-2Fibre intake
- Track 4-3Low glycaemic index foods
- Track 4-4Metabolic disorder
- Track 4-5Metabolic disease therapy
- Track 4-6Cardiometabolic disease
Sex steroid hormones are concerned with the metabolism, accumulation as well as the distribution of adipose tissues. Recent studies reveal that progesterone receptor, oestrogen receptor and androgen receptor exist in adipose tissues therefore, their actions could be direct. Sex steroid hormones carry out their function in adipose tissues by both nongenomic and genomic mechanisms.
- Track 5-1Metabolic effects of steroids hormones in obesity
- Track 5-2Obesity and corticosteroids
- Track 5-3Steroid hormones in our food and obesity
Pediatric Nutrition is a description of the dietary needs of infants. In Pediatric nutrition the most important aspect is breastfeeding. Feeding the premature baby provides the long chain fatty acids and prebiotics to the children. Severely undernourished children die of insufficient management with too much volume and too much protein in the initial phase.
- Track 6-1Pediatric pulmonology
- Track 6-2Pediatric surgery
- Track 6-3Pediatric gastroenterologists
- Track 6-4Bottle feeding
- Track 6-5Breast feeding
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat has a negative impact on a child's health or well-being. Due to the rising prevalence of childhood obesity and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern. Childhood obesity can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol, early heart problems and skin conditions such as heat rash, fungal infections, and acne.
- Track 7-1Depression
- Track 7-2High cholesterol
- Track 7-3Eating and physical activity behaviors
- Track 7-4Health education
- Track 7-5Sports programs
Several studies have found that a numbers of patients with mental illness are obese compared to the general population. Mental illness may increase the risk of obesity, while obesity may increase an individual's chances to develop a psychiatric disorder. The reasons behind the link between obesity and psychiatric problems are poor self-image, the biological disruptions caused by obesity, physical inactivity and the social stigma related to being overweight. Epidemiological studies justify positive associations between obesity and mood disorders.
- Track 8-1Personality disorder
- Track 8-2Eating disorder
- Track 8-3ADHD
- Track 8-4Alcohol use
Studies shows that food, aerobic exercise and sleep has an effect on the brain functioning and mental health. This raises the exciting probabilities that changes in diet can enhance cognitive abilities, protect the brain from damage and counteract the effects of aging. Excess calories reduce the flexibility of synapses and increase the chances of cell damage during the formation of free radicals.
- Track 9-1Foods for healthy brains
- Track 9-2Food addiction
- Track 9-3Dementia
- Track 9-4Binge eating
- Track 9-5Increased memory loss
Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular Disease, and Cardiovascular Disease risks have also been documented in obese children. Obesity is linked with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity as well as reduction in life expectancy. Medical costs and health service use associated with obesity have risen and are expected to continue to rise.
- Track 10-1Dyslipidemia
- Track 10-2Glucose intolerance
- Track 10-3Coronary heart disease
- Track 10-4Heart failure
- Track 10-5Heart failure
Bariatric surgery consists of procedures performed on a person who suffers from obesity, thus reducing the risk associated with obesity. The main idea behind the surgery is restriction and Malabsorption. Surgery limits the amount of food the stomach can hold, thus restricting the number of calorie intake. Malabsorption shortens the length of small intestine reducing the amount of calories and nutrients the body can absorb.
- Track 11-1Gastric by-pass
- Track 11-2Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
- Track 11-3Sleeve gastrostomy
- Track 11-4Duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion
Exercise accompanied with proper diet helps in achieving a long term success to lose weight and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Physical activities especially exercise helps in faster recovery. It helps in improving circulation, reduces the risk of blood clots, promotes wound healing as well as improves the bowel function. Healthy lifestyle incorporating an exercise program will offer many benefits like maintaining weight loss, boosting metabolism, reducing risk of heart disease and some types of cancer, helping to maintain and develop muscle strength, endurance and tone, promoting joint stability, bone strength and integrity.
- Track 12-1Cardio
- Track 12-2Strength training
- Track 12-3Vitamin and minerals supplements
Yoga is among the ancient form of exercise that focuses on your mind, body and soul. On the other hand, physical therapy, not only works to prevent osteoporosis in women and neck pain or low back pain, physical therapy is a proven weight management tool. Physical therapist can perform a full assessment of body and health targeting areas of concern and customize an exercise program designed to reduce, in fact, eliminate pain and making healthier beings. Therapists can teach the correct form for each exercise to be performed with minimal pain and strain helping getting rid of the excess pounds.
- Track 13-1Vinyasa and power yoga
- Track 13-2Yoga therapy
- Track 13-3Mobile physical therapy and momentum
While Exercise and diet can help, but for some prescribed weight loss medications can help. It is usually prescribed when the BMI is greater than 30. Weight pills to treat obesity works in different ways. Some medications help in feeling less hungry or full sooner. Some medications makes harder for your body to absorb fat from the foods eaten. It is usually prescribed for patients especially with health concerns related to obesity.
- Track 14-1Garcinia cambogia extract
- Track 14-2Hydroxycut
- Track 14-3Caffeine
- Track 14-4Orlistat
- Track 14-5Raspberry ketones
- Track 14-6Green coffee bean extract
The Primary prevention of obesity in children, young people, and adults provides information on preventing overweight and obesity by lifestyle modification program, focus on recommendations for physical activity, healthy diet along periodical medical examination. It also deals with weight management in children and adults by regular assessment based on body mass index (BMI) and to assess underlying causes, risk factors, and comorbidities of obesity. Management of obesity includes lifestyle changes, medications as well as surgery. The main treatment for obesity consists of physical activities and dieting.
- Track 15-1Weight loss programs
- Track 15-2Clinical protocols
- Track 15-3Ketogenic Diet
- Track 15-4Protein rich diets
Traditional Chinese medicine is a kind of traditional medicine usually based on more than 2,500 years old Chinese medical practice which includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage, exercise, and dietary therapy to prevent health problems. Acupuncture involves thin needles which are inserted into the body. Acupuncture is usually safe when done by properly by a trained practitioner using clean and single-used needle technique.
- Track 16-1Chinese herbal medicine
- Track 16-2Tui-na
- Track 16-3Food therapy
- Track 16-4Qi-gong
- Track 16-5Tai-chi
With the prevalence of obesity, there are an increasing number of obese surgical patients which will require anesthesia. This topic evaluates the changes in physiology and anatomy of obese patients. This helps in management of anesthesia, monitoring anesthesia drug dose in obese patients, planning type of anesthesia, efficient monitoring, as well as analgesic plan as it differs from patients with normal BMI. There is a preoperative medical evaluation of obese patients to check the impact of obstructive sleep apnea on anesthetic management.
- Track 17-1Morbid obesity
- Track 17-2Preoperative assessments
- Track 17-3Post-Operative considerations
- Track 17-4Cardiovascular system assessments
Dietary transitions play essential roles in the mankind evolution. Nutraceuticals role in cancer therapy promises prominent active doctrines in opposition to cancer cells. The impact of various varieties of nutraceuticals derived from herbals like Quercetin and Catechins, Phenolic Acids and Phytochemicals Resveratrol, Lycopene, Dietary Fiber and Phytoestrogens, Genistein and Curcumin, Vitamin C and E, Cruciferous Vegetables, which might be used for cancer remedy, are some of the few advances in food technologies. Nutricosmetics is a new technology for skin supplements for beauty and healthy skin.
- Track 18-1Synthetic nutrition
- Track 18-2Nutritional screening
- Track 18-3Nutrigenomics
- Track 18-4Detection of GM foods
Malnutrition results from eating a diet with nutrients which are either not enough for the body and causes health problems. It involves calories, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins or minerals. These insufficient nutrients are called undernutrition or undernourishment while too much is called overnutrition. Extreme undernourishment, referred to as starvation have symptoms like a thin body, short height, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen. Apart from marasmus and kwashiorkor, deficiencies in iodine, iron, vitamin A and zinc are the main indications of malnutrition in developing countries.
- Track 19-1Protein-energy malnutrition- Marasmus and Kwashiorkor
- Track 19-2Micronutrients deficiencies
- Track 19-3Management and control
Obesity in women is connected with alterations in the reproductive cycle with a restriction in fertility with an increased risk of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and irregular or no ovulation. Overweight women suffering from PCOS shows insulin resistance. They are prone to developing diabetes. All these issues make the treatment of infertility less successful and more complicated.
- Track 20-1Gestational diabetes
- Track 20-2Preeclampsia
- Track 20-3Sleep apnea