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3rd International Conference on Obesity and Diet Imbalance, will be organized around the theme “”
Obesity Diet 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Obesity Diet 2020
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It is a disorder that involves excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems. Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities. When a person's body mass index is greater than 25, they are said to be obese. The extra fat increases the risk of various health problems. The condition is caused when the body is consuming more calories than it utilizes. Imbalanced diet, lack of physical activities, unhealthy lifestyle, environmental and behavioral factors is some of the few of the causes for obesity.
- Track 1-1Food addiction
- Track 1-2Insulin resistance
- Track 1-3Sedentary life
- Track 1-4Gut bacteria
- Track 1-5PCOS in women
Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to body fat distribution and ultimately weight gain and; although, only in a few cases are genes the primary cause of obesity. Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies have led to the discovery of nine loci concerned in Mendelian forms of obesity and 58 loci contributes to polygenic obesity. These loci justify a small fraction of the heritability for obesity and many genes remain to be discovered.
- Track 2-1Prader–Willi syndrome
- Track 2-2Bardet–Biedl syndrome
- Track 2-3Cohen syndrome
- Track 2-4MOMO syndrome
- Track 2-5Alstrom syndrome
- Track 2-6Carpenter syndrome
- Track 2-7Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome
Poor diet is one of the major contributors to the leading causes of chronic illness and death. Healthy diets along with physical activity are key to good nutrition and necessary for a long and healthy life. Eating nutritional foods and balancing energy intake with the necessary physical activity to maintain a healthy weight is essential at all stages of life. Unbalanced intake of foods high in energy (sugar, starch and/or fat) but low in essential nutrients commits to energy excess, overweight and obesity. The quantity of the energy consumed in relevancy to physical activity and also the quality of food are key determinants of nutrition connected to chronic disease.
- Track 3-1Heart disease
- Track 3-2Diabetes
- Track 3-3Hyperlipidemia
- Track 3-4Stroke
- Track 3-5Cancer
- Track 3-6Osteoporosis and bone fractures
- Track 3-7Dental disease
Being overweight or obese creates psychosocial risks for the child. Being significantly overweight has an impact on the child's level of self-esteem and creates problems in social relationships with peers subjecting them to teasing and ridicule, resulting in social withdrawal. Obese children are unable to participate in the same level of physical activity as other children. The ongoing stigma and social isolation of being different erodes the child's sense of wellbeing, and unless there is a reversal of the child's condition, serious mental health problems can ensue.
- Track 4-1Childhood obesity
- Track 4-2Body Mass Index
- Track 4-3Birth Weight
- Track 4-4Bariatric Surgery
The body requires many different vitamins and minerals that are essential for both body development and prevention of a disease. These vitamins and minerals are known as micronutrients. A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t absorb or get necessary amount of a nutrient from the food. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems like digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.
On the other Hand, metabolism is the rate at which our body utilizes our nutrition. While there are many factors that influence our metabolism (hormone levels, enzyme secretion, chronic disease conditions, medications, stress, activity level and sleep patterns). The rate of metabolism directly effects caloric needs and results in weight loss or weight gain.
- Track 5-1Fat burning foods
- Track 5-2Fibre intake
- Track 5-3Low glycaemic index foods
- Track 5-4Metabolic disorder
- Track 5-5Metabolic disease therapy
- Track 5-6Cardiometabolic disease
Sex steroid hormones are concerned with the metabolism, accumulation as well as the distribution of adipose tissues. Recent studies reveal that progesterone receptor, oestrogen receptor and androgen receptor exist in adipose tissues therefore, their actions could be direct. Sex steroid hormones carry out their function in adipose tissues by both nongenomic and genomic mechanisms.
- Track 6-1Metabolic effects of steroids hormones in obesity
- Track 6-2Obesity and corticosteroids
- Track 6-3Steroid hormones in our food and obesity
Pediatric Nutrition is a description of the dietary needs of infants. In Pediatric nutrition the most important aspect is breastfeeding. Feeding the premature baby provides the long chain fatty acids and prebiotics to the children. Severely undernourished children die of insufficient management with too much volume and too much protein in the initial phase.
- Track 7-1Pediatric pulmonology
- Track 7-2Pediatric surgery
- Track 7-3Pediatric gastroenterologists
- Track 7-4Bottle feeding
- Track 7-5Breast feeding
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat has a negative impact on a child's health or well-being. Due to the rising prevalence of childhood obesity and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern. Childhood obesity can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol, early heart problems and skin conditions such as heat rash, fungal infections, and acne.
- Track 8-1Depression
- Track 8-2High cholesterol
- Track 8-3Eating and physical activity behaviors
- Track 8-4Health education
- Track 8-5Sports programs
Several studies have found that a numbers of patients with mental illness are obese compared to the general population. Mental illness may increase the risk of obesity, while obesity may increase an individual's chances to develop a psychiatric disorder. The reasons behind the link between obesity and psychiatric problems are poor self-image, the biological disruptions caused by obesity, physical inactivity and the social stigma related to being overweight. Epidemiological studies justify positive associations between obesity and mood disorders.
- Track 9-1Personality disorder
- Track 9-2Eating disorder
- Track 9-3ADHD
- Track 9-4Alcohol use
Studies shows that food, aerobic exercise and sleep has an effect on the brain functioning and mental health. This raises the exciting probabilities that changes in diet can enhance cognitive abilities, protect the brain from damage and counteract the effects of aging. Excess calories reduce the flexibility of synapses and increase the chances of cell damage during the formation of free radicals.
- Track 10-1Foods for healthy brains
- Track 10-2Food addiction
- Track 10-3Dementia
- Track 10-4Binge eating
- Track 10-5Increased memory loss